How stem cells treat diabetes is surely an ever continuing subject for medical research and demonstrates great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever ongoing subject matter for medical research and shows great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure requires transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body following the first transplant can provide indicators if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and frequently just blackout which may be dangerous when driving a car or carrying out other critical tasks symptoms diabetes.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t plenty of donors to serve with only approximately 3,500 donor organs readily available last year. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.
The answer to this problem is to produce islets in the lab utilizing stems cells. There is at present research occurring using dubious embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But as a result of ethical and also political debate regarding stem cells this road to a cure is heading slowly. People who believe that life begins at conception firmly fight embryonic stem cell research as the cells come from human embryos that happen to be destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest possibility to become any sort of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Oppositions to this research think that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But there are studies which raise questions regarding the ability of these cells as treatments.
A recently available published study noted that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells taken from a pancreas to become islet cells that produce insulin – they are called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.
Even though the research making use of stem cells is in its baby stages many scientists think that this research supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection just after their own bodies begin producing the hormone naturally diabetes for life.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever continuing subject matter for medical research and displays great promise in the struggle to find a cure for this long-term disease.