How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever continuing subject for medical research and demonstrates great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject matter for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The modern procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are actually destroyed therefore no insulin is made. These patients have to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Because the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and frequently just black out which can be dangerous when driving a car or executing other significant tasks diabetics.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is actually a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not plenty of donors to go around with only approximately 3,500 donor organs readily available this past year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.
The solution to this problem is to produce islets in the lab utilizing stems cells. There is presently research occurring using controversial embryonic stem cells along with stem cells obtained from adults. But as a result of ethical as well as political debate regarding stem cells this route to a cure is moving slowly. People who believe life starts at conception strongly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells have not grown up into human cells and also have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Competitors to this research think that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But you can find studies which raise questions about the ability of these cells as therapies.
A recent published study noted that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells taken from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that produce insulin – these are called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not been able to be reproduced.
Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its baby stages many scientists think that this study supports the most promise for success for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection after their own bodies start producing the hormone naturally diabetes mellitus.
How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever continuing topic for medical research and exhibits great promise in the struggle to discover a cure for this long-term disease.